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Identifying Diagonal Cutter Marks on Thin Wires Using 3D Imaging

Abstract: 

We present work on matching 2mmthick wires using optical 3D imaging methods. Marks on such small surfaces are difficult to match using a comparison microscope as this 2D imaging method does not provide height data about the sample surface. Moreover, these 2D microscopy images may be affected by illumination. Hence, the reference and investigated sample should be present at the same time. We employed scanning white light interferometry and confocal microscopy to provide quantitative 3D profiles for reliable comparison of samples that are unavailable for simultaneous analysis. We show that 3D profiling offers a solution by allowing illuminationindependent sample comparison. We correctly identified 74 of 80 profiles using consecutive matching striae (CMS) criteria, and we were able to match samples based on profiles measured using different 3D imaging devices. The results suggest that the used methods allow matching cutter marks on thin wires, which has been difficult previously.

 

Authors: Ville Vili Heikkinen M.Sc.,Ivan Kassamakov Ph.D.,Claude Barbeau Ph.D.,Sami Lehto B.Sc.,Tapani Reinikainen Ph.D.,Edward Hæggström Ph.D.

Posted in Forensic medicine, Nanoscope

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